Author: Tatyana A. Kasatkina
Information about the author:

Doctor of Philological Sciences,Doctor of Philological Sciences, Head of the Centre “Dostoevsky and World Culture” at the Gorky Institute of WorldLiterature RAS, Head of the Research Committee for Dostoyevsky’s Artistic Heritage within the Scientific Council for the History of World Culture RAS (Moscow).

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For citation:

Kasatkina T.A. Schiller in Dostoevsky’s Works: Eleusinian Mysteries in The Brothers Karamazov. Dostoevsky and World Culture, Philological journal,2019, No 4(8), pp. 68-89

Issue: 2019 №4 (8)
Pages: 68-89
DOI: 10.22455/2619-0311-2019-4-68-89
UDK: 82+821.161.1+821.112.2
BBK: 83+83.3(2=411.2)+83.3(4ГЕМ)
Keywords: Dostoevsky, Schiller, The Brothers Karamazov, “Eleusinian Feast”, “Ode to Joy”, Eleusinian mysteries, purposes of the reading, purposes of the creative work, “true outline of the man”, problem of influence.


Abstract: Since his early youth Dostoevsky valued Schiller as a person whoopened his eyes to many things that the young man had only a presentment of; in hisimages Schiller offers some of the essential and deepest ideas of further Dostoevsky’sworks. These images played a very important role in creating the single conceptionalspace of the last Dostoevsky’s novel. Taking as an epigraph the only Evangelicepisode where Christ is talking to Hellenes having come to him, and in doing sousing the language and images of Eleusinian mysteries, at the same time Dostoevskyintroduced into his novel large quotes from Schiller’s “Eleusinian Feast” (translatedby Zhukovsky), connecting them in the reader's mind with “Ode to Joy”, and thuscreating a space for the manifestation of the main message of Eleusinian mysteriesincarnated in Christianity: the message of the fundamental unity of mankind, of adifferent human image, of a different human dimension, of the necessity of goingbeyond the reclusive terrene nature in order to achieve future life, as reclusiveness istreated by Dostoevsky as a perceptual error, a corruption of the “true outline of theman”.



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