Abstract: Most of all Dostoevsky’s texts, “The Beggar Boy at Christ's Christmas Tree” poses questions about the structure of image in the author’s works, and about the intentional focus of the literary text, aiming to offer the reader another view of the reality surrounding him, to “wash” his/her eyes, covered by the dirt flowing from “the proximate and the visible in its flowing immediacy” and closed by the crust of humdrum. Solving the question of the structure of the image allows us to answer the question of how deepness is reached in Dostoevsky’s texts. The two-fold image in Dostoevsky’s works is described, as well as its analogues in the Christian culture, the qualities and characteristics of such an image, the way it is shaped through the reproduction of iconic images or through allusions to the Gospels, and its essential role in creating a space for the reader’s personal action. The article also concerns the differences occurring between this kind of image and another one – the Symbolists’ image – whose aim was to awake memories, to recognize and to comprehend the permanent patterns of human actions and relations, but not to change these patterns. The tale displays a double layer concerning not only human, but also space images, the presence of the already transfigured space in the depth of mundanity, whose appearance is prevented by human indolence, indifference, and the fact of being focused on the self.
Биография… 1883 – Biografiia, pis'ma i zametki iz zapisnoi knizhki F.M. Dostoevskogo s portretom F.M. Dostoevskogo i prilozheniiami [Biography, Letters and Notes from F.M. Dostoevsky’s Notebook with Dostoevsky’s Portrait and Appendixes]. St. Petersburg, Tip. A.S. Suvorina Publ., 1883. 832 p. (In Russ.)
Достоевский 1972–1990– Dostoevskii F.M. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii v 30 tomakh [Complete Works in 30 vols.]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1972–1990. (In Russ.)
Касаткина 2015 – Kasatkina T.A. Sviashchennoe v povsednevnom: dvusostavnyi obraz v proizvedeniiakh F.M. Dostoevskogo [Sacral in the Mundane: the Two-Fold Image in F.M. Dostoevsky’s Works]. Moscow, IMLI RAN Publ., 2015. 528 p. (In Russ.)
Хёйзинга 1988 – Kheizinga I. Osen' Srednevekov'ia [The Autumn of The Middle Ages]. Moscow, Nauka, 1988. 544 p. (In Russ.)
Мандельштам 1993 – Mandel'shtam O. Sobr. soch. v 4 t. [Collected Works in 4 vols.]. Vol. 1. Stikhi i proza 1906-1921 [Poems and Prose of 1906-1921]. Moscow, Art-Biznes-Tsentr, 1993. 369 p. (In Russ.)
Толковый типикон 2004 – Tolkovyi tipikon. Ob"iasnitel'noe izlozhenie Tipikona s istoricheskim vvedeniem. [Defining Typicon. Explanatory Paraphrase of the Typicon with a Historical Introduction]. By Mikhail Skaballanovich (Kiev Ecclesiastical Academy). Moscow, Izd. Sretenskogo monastyria Publ., 2004. 816 p. (In Russ.)