Author: Vladimir A. Viktorovich
Information about the author:

DSc in Philology, Professor, Department of Russian Language and Literature, State Social and Humanitarian University, Zelenaya 30, 140411 Kolomna, Russia.

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For citation:

Viktorovich, V.A. “Crime and Punishment as a Novel of Consciousness.” Dostoevsky and World Culture. Philological journal, no. 3 (23), 2023, pp. 28–42. (In Russ.)

Received: 29 July 2023
Published: 25 Sept. 2023
Issue: 2023 no. 3 (23)
Pages: 28-42

UDK: 821.161.1.0+23/28
BBK: 83.3
Keywords: Dostoevsky, Crime and Punishment, novel of consciousness, allhumanity, receptive strategy, improper directed speech.
Abstract: The article proposes a genre definition of Dostoevsky’s novel as a novel of consciousness. The term has been used relatively recently, mainly in English-language literature of the last decades. In this article, it is used in a slightly different sense, emphasizing not the plurality of consciousnesses, but the universalization of consciousness in general. The difference of Crime and Punishment from the tradition of Western European and Russian social and psychological novel was already felt by its first readers and formulated initially by critics N.D. Akhsharumov, N.N. Strakhov, and Fr. Theodore (A.M. Bukharev). The unique fusion of the novel’s hero with the reader was achieved by Dostoevsky on the basis of the postulated common nature of human consciousness. The new aesthetics found its expression in the narrative structure, as the use of improper direct speech builds the communicating vessels (author-hero-reader) of the flowing unified “all-human” consciousness.


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