Download:

PDF

Author: Tatyana V. Kovalevskaya
Information about the author:

Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Docent, Full Professor, Foreign Languages Department of the School of International Relations and Regional Studies, Institute for History and Archives, Russian State University for the Humanities (Moscow, Russia).

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

For citation:

Kovalevskaya T.V. Dostoevsky’s Dialog and Polemics with Formal and Naïve Theological Beliefs. Dostoevsky and World Culture, 2019, No 2(6), pp. 124–145.

Issue: 2019 № 2(6)
Department: POETICS. CONTEXT
Pages: 124-145
DOI: 10.22455/2619-0311-2019-2-124-145
UDK: 821.161.1
BBK: 83.3(2)
Keywords: Thomas Aquinas, Auguste Comte, Russian folk spiritual verses, Gogol, “The Terrible Vengeance”, Isaac the Syrian, religious and philosophical anthropology.

Abstract: The article considers the issue of criteria Dostoevsky relied on in his approach to systems and views related to theological anthropologies that are either directly formulated or indirectly manifested in various texts from translations of the New Testament to folkloric legends. There are several areas of influence: the Bible in various translations, formal theology, formal philosophy, naïve folk theology, and those views of other writers that can be characterized as theological. In his works, Dostoevsky is engaged in a constant dialog and/or polemics with diverse theological systems and those philosophical systems that are related to theology. Such systems include the Orthodox theology of deification, formal Catholic theology, naïve folk theology reflected in folklore, Auguste Comte’s religion of humanity, and also religious and philosophical anthropology of other writers and poets. In the matter of accepting/rejecting entire systems or individual ideas, in the question of choosing between different formal and naïve theological views, Dostoevsky is primarily guided by his own theology of love. The article will offer a concise consideration of several examples of Dostoevsky’s direct and concealed engagement with various theological systems, and examples of using one system to conduct polemics with another one and to affirm Dostoevsky’s own theology of love for God and humans and for humans and God.

 

References

Afanas'ev A.N. Narodnye russkie legendy [Russian Folk Legends]. Moscow, V tipografii Gracheva i Komp. Publ., 1859. 206 p. (In Russ.)

Buzina T.V. Motivy russkikh dukhovnykh stikhov v tvorchestve Dostoevskogo [Motifs from Russian Spiritual Verses in Dostoevsky’s Works]. Dostoevskii i mirovaia kul'tura, 1996, № 6, pp. 62-81. (In Russ.)

Vetlovskaia V.E. Dostoevskii i poeticheskii mir Drevnei Rusi (literaturnye i fol'klornye istochniki “Brat’ev Karamazovykh”) [Dostoevsky and the Poetic World of Old Rus’ (Russian and Folkloric Sources of The Brothers Karamazov)]. TODRL [Publications of the Old Russian Literature Section], 1974 (28), pp. 296-307. (In Russ.)

Viktorovich V.A. Gogol’ v tvorcheskom soznanii Dostoevskogo [Gogol in Dostoevsky’s Creative Mind]. Dostoevsky. Materialy i issledovaniia [Dostoevsky. Materials and Research], 1997, No 14, pp. 216-233 (In Russ.)

Capilupi S.M. Vopros o grekhopadenii i vseobshchem spasenii v romane ‘Brat'ia Karamazovy’ [The Issue of the Fall and Universal Salvation in The Brothers Karamazov]. Roman F.M. Dostoevskogo “Brat’ia Karamazovy.” Sovremennoe sostoianie izucheniia. Pod red. T.A. Kasatkinoi [F.M. Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov. The Current State of Investigations. T.A. Kasatkina, ed.]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2007. Pp. 187-225. (In Russ.) Comte A. Obshchii obzor pozitivizma [A General View of Positivism]. Moscow, URSS Publ., 2012. 296 p. (In Russ.)

Dostoevsky F.M. Sobranie sochinenii: v 30-ti t. [Works: in 30 vols.] Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1972-1991. (In Russ.)

Gogol N. V. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii: v 14 t. [Complete works: in 14 vols.]. MoscowLeningrad, Izd-vo AN SSSR Publ., 1937-1952. (In Russ.)

Gogol N.V. Sobranie sochinenii: v 8-mi t. [Works: in 8 vols.]. Moscow, Pravda Publ., 1984. (In Russ.) Avvy Isaaka Sirina slova podvizhnicheskie [Six Treatises on the Behavior of Excellence by Isaac the Syrian]. Moscow, Pravilo very Publ., 1993. (In Russ.)

Kasatkina T.A. O tvoriashchei prirode slova. Ontologichnost' slova v tvorchestve F.M. Dostoevskogo kak osnova “realizma v vysshem smysle” [On the Creating Nature of the Word. The Ontological Nature of the Word in F.M. Dostoevsky’s Works as the Foundation of “Realism in the Highest Sense”]. Moscow, IMLI RAN Publ., 2004. 480 p. (In Russ.)

Kovalevskaya T.V. Marmeladov kak mikrokosm: grekhopadenie, apokalipsis i narodnoe khristianstvo [Marmeladov as a Microcosm: the Fall, Apocalypse, and Folk Christianity]. Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki, 2016, 2(56), pt. 1, pp. 38-43. (In Russ.)

Mann Iu.V. Proizvedenie, ne pokhozhee na drugie: ‘Nochi na ville’ Gogolia [A Work Unlike All Others: “Gogol’s Nights at the Villa”]. Literatura, 2002, No 48. Available at: http:// lit.1september.ru/article.php?ID=200204804 (In Russ.)

Mikhniukevich V.A. Poetika detskikh obrazov F. M. Dostoevskogo v kontekste “Narodnogo khristianstva” [The Poetics of F.M. Dostoevsky’s Images of Children in the Context of Folk Christianity]. Vestnik ChelGU, 1994 (1), pp. 21-28. (In Russ.)

Rozanov V.V. O legende “Velikii inkvisitor” [On the “Grand Inquisitor” Legend]. O velikom inkvizitore. Dostoevskii i posleduiushchie [On the Grand Inquisitor. Dostoevsky and Those Who Came After]. Moscow, Molodaia gvardiia Publ., 1991. Pp. 73-191. (In Russ.)

Saltykov-Shchedrin M.Iu. Sobranie sochinenii v 20-ti tt. [Works: in 20 vols.]. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaia literature Publ., 1965-1977. (In Russ.)

Solov’ev V.S. Kont Auguste [Comte Auguste]. Entsiklopedicheskii slovar' Brokgauza i Efrona [Brockhaus and Efron’s Encyclopedic Dictionary]. Available at: http://www.vehi.net/ brokgauz/ (In Russ.)

Thomas Aquinas. Summa teologii [Summa Theologiae]. Moscow, Savin S.A. Publ., 2006. T. 1. 814 p. (In Russ.)

Shelley M. Frankenshtein. Poslednii chelovek [Frankenstein. The Last Man]. Moscow, Ladomir – Nauka Publ., 2010. 664 p. (In Russ.) Bunyan J. The Pilgrim’s Progress. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008. 333 p. (In English)

Comte A. The Catechism of Positive Religion. Translated by Richard Congreve. London, Kegan, Paul, Trench, Truebner & Co. Ltd. 1891. 320 p. (In English)

Fusso S. The Sexuality of the Male Virgin: Arkady in A Raw Youth and Alyosha Karamazov. A New Word on The Brothers Karamazov. Evanston, Illinois, Northwestern University Press, 2004. Pp. 142-154. (In English)

Jackson R.L. Dialogues with Dostoevsky. The Overwhelming Questions. Stanford University Press, 1993. 346 p. (In English)

Karlinsky S. Sexual Labyrinth of Nikolai Gogol. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1976. 333 p. (In English)

Saint Thomas. La somme théologique. Paris, Belin, 1851. 656 p. (In French)

Strong J. A Concise Dictionary of the Words in the Hebrew Bible. The New Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible. Nashville, Camden, Kansas City, Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1990. (In English)